Scaffold, first shown at Documenta 13 in Kassel, Germany in 2012, is a large wooden structure inspired by the gallows used in seven famous executions in American history, including the hangings of abolitionist leader John Brown in 1859 and Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in 2006. The gallows also resemble those used in the U.S.'s largest mass execution in 1862 during which 38 Dakota Indians were killed in Mankato.

"I made Scaffold as a learning space for people like me, white people who have not suffered the effects of a white supremacist society and who may not consciously know that it exists," he continued. "It has been my belief that white artists need to address issues of white supremacy and its institutional manifestations. Whites created the concept of race and have used it to maintain dominance for centuries, whites must be involved in its dismantling...."


On this day each year, Tibetan Buddhists make their annual pilgrimage to the world's oldest tree in the place that is now known as Bodh Gaya, India. The sacred tree, planted in 282 BC, is honored with prayers, chants, and flags.  It is believed to be an offshoot of the same Bodhi (or Bo) tree that the Buddha sat under when he attained enlightenment.